- Severe brain swelling – extensive brain infarction
- High intracranial pressure, despite treatment with medication
- Large blood clots inside the head
All surgical procedures carry some risks, and decompressive craniectomy can cause certain complications, such as:
- Intracranial hemorrhage or formation of new blood clots inside the head after surgery
- Infections such as meningitis or brain abscess
- Breathing problems, pneumonia
In the early stages following surgery, patients must remain in the intensive care unit so that vital signs, level of consciousness and other symptoms can be monitored closely.