Severe pain is not always an indicator for surgery and disc herniation can usually be treated without surgery. The surgeon will carry out a detailed assessment of the function of the nerves to select the most appropriate treatment option.
Treatment begins with medication and regular physical therapy. If symptoms are not alleviated, the next treatment option is the injection of steroids into the spinal canal
. This medication will reduce inflammation at the source of the problem and allows for quicker recovery of the patient.
If none of the treatment options mentioned work to manage the patient’s symptoms, or if the patient has indicators for surgery, including muscle weakness, chronic pain that has lasted more than three months, or the inability to control bladder and/or bowel, then the doctor will recommend surgery to reduce compression of the nerves as the final treatment option.